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The paper unpacks the “black box” of informal institutions and theorizes about the role of informal networks in channeling continuity and change in informal institutions. Specifically, we argue that the persistence of informal institutions depends on the functionalities of the informal networks upon which they rest. 

There Is No Free Lunch: The Cost of Informal Networking for Entrepreneurs in Southeast Europe

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This article investigates informal networks of entrepreneurs in Southeast Europe. 

FRINGE series

The FRINGE series explores the roles that complexity, ambivalence, and immeasurability play in social and cultural phenomena. A cross-disciplinary initiative bringing together researchers from the humanities, social sciences, and area studies, the series examines how seemingly opposed notions such as centrality and marginality, clarity and ambiguity, can shift and converge when embedded in everyday practices.

The Global Encyclopaedia of Informality, Volume 1


We invite you on a voyage of discovery, to explore society’s open secrets, unwritten rules, and know-how practices. Broadly defined as ‘ways of getting things done, these invisible yet powerful informal practices tend to escape articulation in official discourse.

The Global Encyclopaedia of Informality, Volume 2


By mapping the grey zones, blurred boundaries, types of ambivalence, and contexts of complexity, this book creates the first Global Map of Informality. The accompanying database ( is searchable by region, keyword, or type of practice, so do explore what works, how, where, and why!

Improving legal and corporate understanding of informal practices in Russia


Research on informal practices and governance networks in Russia led to the development of tools used by senior executives at international corporations to evaluate and manage the risk of corruption. The research influenced rulings and expert testimony provided in British courts affecting the outcomes of major commercial trials.

Full list of publication

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The number of publications: over 125

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